you plant straight into the soil or in special baskets?
The advantage of the baskets is that you have better control over
the development of your plants. You can also move them around,
change their depths and their general upkeep is made easier.
culture planted straight into the ground (20 cm at the bottom of the pond)
will enhance the plants development. For example, the water lilies will
have more beautiful flowers. On the other hand, it will much harder to
keep the root expansion in check, and the upkeep will be more difficult.
not forget the golden rule: a water garden will be biologically
balanced if its vegetated surface does not exceed 60%.
We will list in order of importance (usefulness) and preference the following
Elodea Canadensis or
Canadian Elodea: is an excellent oxygenating and cleaning plant.
It floats freely on the surface.
* Ceratophyllum demersum or
Hornwort: free floating oxygenating and filtrating perennial plant.
Plants with floating leaves
The hardy type nymphea or water lilies need a lot of sun and calm
waters: no water fountain or water fall close by.
Their flowers are white, pink, yellow or red. Their roots, depending on
the specie, should be at a depth of 30 cm to 1.20 m.
From 5 to 40 cm under water,
Aponogeton distachyus or water hawthorn: a perennial plant with white
perfumed lowers from April to October, requires a semi-shaded exposure,
is planted in small isolated groups.
Plants with emerging leaves
From 15 to 40 cm under water,
The Caltha palustris or marsh marigold or Kingcup: a very decorative
perennial plant with superb yellow-gold flowers from June to May.
palustris is an easy rustic plant which lightens-up your pond with
its bright golden yellow flowers"
* The Pontederia cordata: a very pretty perennial plant with beautiful
blue blooms from June to August.
* The Butonmus umbellatus or the flowering rush: a very pretty
perennial plant with pink flowers which bloom from June to August.
* The Orontium aquaticum: a slow growing perennial plant with
long white shoots whose extremities are bright yellow. It looks like lit
candles. It flowers from March to June.
* The Sagittaria Sagittafolia or duck potato or wapato: a calm
water perennial plant with white flowers from June to August.
* The Lobelia: a perennial plant with shiny leaves topped by grapes
of flowers from June to October
Lobelia Fulgens “Queen Victoria”. Height: 1 meter. Shiny purple
At 10 cm below water,
The Iris pseudacorus or the yellow flag iris: they flower from
June to July.
The schizostylis coccinea or small water gladiolus: A perennial
plant with pale pink or bright pink flowers from September to November.
Hardy perennials in open ground around the pond
The hosta: A plant which resist well to the cold. It is used to
decorate the edges of the pond. White, blue or mauve coloured flowers
blooms from May to September.
* The houttuynia cordata or chameleon plant: a ground covering
with white flowers from July to September (40 cm high, 30 cm wide)
* The Petasitas hybridus : an ornamental plant with perfumed flowers
from February to March ( 160 cm high, 60 cm wide)
* The Astilbes or meadowsweet: come in a large number of varieties,
different colours and hues and from 15 to 200 cm in height. Avoid the
full sun exposure.
* The rhododendron and azalea: beautiful bushes to plant in shaded
or semi shaded areas; they flower from April to July depending on the
variety. (30 cm to 3meters high)
plants listed above are only examples among many available varieties.
These plants are numerous you’ll never be short of pretty assortments;
you can blend varieties and colours to your heart’s content!
do you get clear water? All you need is to have enough oxygenating
and filtrating plants. Les Elodea Canadensis and the ceratophyllum
demersum are good oxygenating plants. The hydrocotyles vulgaris and the
myriophyllum proserpinacoides are interesting as filtrating plants. These
absorb the particles the algae use to feed and grow.
The Japanese maple is especially decorative and is good for small gardens.
It is really beautiful around a pond.
Why not be original and plant it in a half barrel? This container must
be treated to prevent rot and wood worms. Then its inside is lined with
a cover, and finally a hole is punctured at the bottom for proper water
evacuation. All you need to do is to fill it with earth and plant your
tree in it.